The short response is absolutely nothing. The retail FX market is simply a speculative market. No real trade of currencies ever takes place. All trades exist simply as computer entries and are netted out according to selling price. For dollar-denominated accounts, all profits or losses are calculated in dollars and documented as such on the trader’s account.
The primary reason the FX market exists is to expedite the exchange of one currency into another for international companies who want to trade currencies constantly (for example, for payroll, payment for costs of goods and services from foreign vendors, and merger and acquisition activity). Nonetheless, these day-to-day corporate needs comprise no more than 20% of the market volume. Fully 80% of trades in the currency market are speculative in nature, put on by large banking institutions, multi-billion dollar hedge funds and even individuals who would like to convey their opinions on the economic and geopolitical events of the day.
Concept Trading in Pairs
Mainly because currencies always trade in pairs, when a trader makes a trade they’re always long one currency and short one other. For example, if a trader sells one standard lot (equivalent to 100,000 units) of EUR/USD, she would, in simple terms, have changed euros for dollars and would now be short euro and long dollars. To better understand this dynamic, let’s utilize a real example. If you went into an electronics store and purchased a computer for $1,000, what would you be doing? You’d be trading your dollars for a computer. You would basically be short $1,000 and long 1 computer. The store would be long $1,000 but now short 1 computer in its inventory. Exactly the same principle is applicable to the FX market, with the exception that no physical exchange takes place. While all financial transactions are simply computer entries, the results are no less real.
Great Returns in Foreign Exchange Trading
The prospects for unmatched returns and investment safety in the brave new world of foreign currency investing are second to none. In Foreign Currency Trading, financial professionals Russell Wasendorf, Sr., and Russell Wasendorf, Jr., describe foreign currency trading in basic words, and allow you to understand the risks, benefits, and operational specifications that you will need to take advantage of this market’s huge opportunity. Check out Foreign Currency Trading for clear explanations on the mechanics of foreign currency trading, in-depth discussion of all pertinent foreign exchange regulations and rules, and a thorough glossary with literally hundreds of terms important to forex trading. With formerly imposing currency trading limitations having been struck down in recent court rulings, the world of foreign currency trading is an exciting and rapidly-expanding subject.