Candlestick charting is a very powerful tool in the trading arsenal of any trader. There are many candlestick patterns that can signal the continuation of a trend or the reversal of a trend. Some candlestick patterns are simple like the single stick patterns. While other candlestick patterns are complex like the two stick or the three stick patterns. A Harami pattern is a two stick pattern that takes two days to form on a daily chart. It is can bullish as well as bearish. A Harami is formed when the first day candle is longer than the second day candle.
A bullish Harami candlestick pattern is formed when the first day candle is bearish. Rather the first day is very bearish and occurs on a downtrend. But on the second day, the bulls come into action and try to move the prices higher. But bulls are not very successful. The second day close is still lower than the first day open and the first day’s high is never surpassed. However, the second day is a signal that the bulls have started to take the stand and stop the current downtrend.
The open is higher than the close of the last day on the signal day. However, the bulls close the day higher than the open.On the second day when the Harami is formed, the bears are still slightly ahead of the bulls at the start of trading.
Bulls and bears are always fighting with each other for the control of the market. When a bullish Harami is formed what this means is that the bulls are still cautious about their success and fear that the bears might return to take the prices lower again. However, when this does not happen, it gives confidence to the bulls encouraging more buying in the market and the reversal of the trend.
What this means is that you need to confirm it with the price action on the following day. Now, like most of the candlestick patterns, a Harami can fail. Always place the stop loss first when you trade. When you spot a Harami, place the stop loss near the open of the second day.
Harami has a few variations. In the Bullish Harami Cross Pattern, the first day is bearish. On the second day or what you call the signal day, you will find a bullish Doji formed with an open higher than the close of the first day and a close lower than the open of the first day. Bullish Harami Cross is not a frequent pattern but when it does appear, it means an abrupt trend reversal.
When a bearish Harami is formed what this indicates is that bears have taken hold of the market now and are about to push the prices down signalling a downtrend is about to start! The bearish Harami is similar to a bullish Harami. It is formed in an uptrend. The first day is a usual bullish candle that forms in an uptrend. The second day candle is a bearish candle. It’s open is lower than the close of the first day. And it’s close is higher than the open of the first day.